2 minutes read
The word ‘’coffee’’ comes from the Dutch word ‘’koffie’’, that on its turn comes from the Turkish word ‘’kahve’’, that is borrowed from the Arabic word ‘’gahwah’’. Long journey, but this is the history of coffee in a nutshell.
The legend goes that Kaldi, a farmer, noticed that his goats where so energetic and couldn’t sleep after eating those little red berries.
He reported it to the local church, who made a brew with it to test. They found themselves more alert and awake through the evening prayer. Amazed as they were, the knowledge about the energizing drink began to spread. It quickly speeded over the Arabian Peninsula, whereby the coffee was enjoyed in social coffee houses across Arabia, hitting the holy city Mecca, where thousands of (foreign) pilgrims travelled to. They took the story of that ‘’wine of Araby’’ with them to home. Besides this, European travellers in the 17th Century took notice of this unusual black liquid too and soon became popular across the European continent.
First the Church banned this ‘’devils drink’’, but as popularity rise the Pope had to give it a taste. He enjoyed the coffee so much he gave it his blessing. After this, coffee houses popped up everywhere in the major cities of England, Holland, France, Italy & Germany. The Dutch took it to the East Indies and started producing coffee, and soon traded coffee all over the world. The rest is history.
Coffee comes from the so called Coffea tree. The seeds from the tree, called ´´red cherries´´, contain 2 seeds, the coffee beans. These beans are producing various types of coffee. Coffee ranks as one of the world’s most widely traded commodity & is produced in several countries across the world, from Central & South America, through Africa to the Asia.
There are 2 types of coffee bean. The Arabica & Robusta bean. The Arabica coffee bean is widely produced in Central & South America & Afrika. It’s believed that this is the first cultivated coffee, representing roughly 70% of the world production. The Arabica coffee less acidic & smoother than Robusta coffee. The Arabica bean has a more oval shape & is lighter in colour than the Robusta bean.
The Robusta coffee bean is mainly produced in Asia, roughly 30% of the world production. The Robusta, like the name, is a robust, strong full-bodied coffee. Earthy notes, bitter & contains more caffeine than Arabica coffee. The bean is more round & darker in colour than the Arabica bean.
Next time when you sip away your coffee, have a wonder & think back about this post.